A server room is a dedicated premise in which special conditions are created for the full operation of servers and other communication equipment. For the correct server room installation, certain rules and regulations should be followed. This will allow not only to optimize the work of all housed apparatus but also to avoid a number of problems and dangerous situations.
Why Should One Plan Server Room Installation?
Planning and arranging such premises are important because:
- It provides reliable protection of hardware from negative environmental influences (such as moisture, dust, high or low temperatures, etc.). Optimal air pressure, temperature, and humidity must be maintained in such rooms.
- Such premises protect equipment from power failures and instability.
- Proper arrangement of server furniture and devices greatly simplifies the maintenance of computing equipment.
- Closed premises provide physical protection of telecommunication hardware from unauthorized access.
Tips for Setting up Data Centers
Use the following tips when installing a server room:
- Small server room design
When choosing premises, systems administrators should keep in mind the technological needs of the business, spacing factor, location, type of equipment, and its number. The first step is to decide on how many devices will be stored, what racks or cabinets will be used. A wide range of server furniture (open-frame racks and enclosed cabinets, both floor-standing and wall-mounted, portable) are offered at https://sysracks.com/.
It is recommended to make a layout of your future data center to make sure that all pieces of a large system are located correctly. Particular attention should be paid to power sockets and cable management. Will it be convenient to power devices?
- Suitable server rack
As mentioned above, different types of server furniture are offered on the modern market. Two main groups are open-frame racks and enclosed cabinets. The first option is more favorable for installation in closed data centers since it provides better air circulation throughout the body and accommodated devices. Racks can be of two types, namely 2-post and 4-post. Most models are equipped with casters for easier relocation.
As for dimensions, the size of furniture differ. Although the depth and width are standardized, the main parameter is the height. It is measured in units, with 1U being 1.75 inches. Thus, when choosing a suitable model, measure your devices, add their heights, and calculate the required height. Do not forget to leave extra space. Remember that hardware mustn’t be placed tightly. Air should freely pass through devices cooling them.
- Proper airflow
The requirements for the microclimate in server rooms are quite strict. For their implementation, one should take care of climate control in advance.
During operation, computing apparatus tend to generate heat. If it is not cooled or the environment is too hot, this will lead to overheating and system malfunction. The air temperature for the operation of active computer devices should be 20-25C°. In the case of a high density of equipment, cooling may be required even in winter. The air humidity indicator should not exceed 55%. To prevent overheating and maintain these conditions in server premises, it is worth equipping centers with fans and a sufficient ventilation system, as well as installing special sensors to monitor the environmental parameters.
- Cable management
Correct cable routing allows system administrators to place and secure cables and patch panels. Cables are stretched throughout the entire room space. Thus, they can be damaged easily. For maintenance, this means that it will be difficult to find a necessary cable. Thus, it is important to route cables optimally and ergonomically to achieve security and prevent them from rupturing.
- Effective and efficient layout
Make sure that space is used ergonomically. To cope with the task, it is recommended to make layouts, on which you will place cabinets and racks, all power sockets, cable routing paths, and other important elements. Visualization allows looking at your future data center from above and, perhaps, noticing some flaws.
The power supply to server equipment must be implemented using a separate power line directly from the building distributor. In this case, it is worth installing your own distribution box in the office.
Grounding deserves special attention. Any room equipped with high-precious electronic equipment must have a grounding bus. Grounding conductors from all equipment, as well as from metal structures, are connected to the bus.
Additionally, make sure that the premises provide enough power.
System administrator should separately take care of the server room security system. Security sensors are an integral part. Tools are installed in the server room; they react to movement, smoke, glass breaking, and other emergency situations. The information from sensors instantly goes to the security post, where the corresponding protocols are promptly activated. This measure will make your hardware hardly accessible and improve security.
Still, note that a business owner should be prepared for unexpected situations and have a plan for emergencies. It can save a company from downtime and potential data loss.
A server room setup is a complicated and responsible task. System administrators know how important it is to correctly and rationally distribute available space and allocate all parts ergonomically. Do not neglect this point if you’re going to organize a small data center.